Tuesday, 29 March 2011

Do you have an Overactive Thyroid? Or underactive Thyroid? Find our more about the thyroid gland.

The Thyroid gland is the largest endocrine gland in the whole body, it is found in the neck just beneath the well known Adam's Apple.
It is an important gland as it helps to regulate the metabolism within the body, detect changes to hormone sensitivity and then accommodating for it quickly.
The thyroid  is controlled by the Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) under the influence of the Pituitary gland found in the brain.
The thyroid releases Thyroxine as two very significant hormones known as:


  • Triiodythyronine T3
  • Thyroxine T4
As a result the thyroid is vulnerable to autoimmune reactions these include:

  1. Hyperthyroid
  2. Hypothyroid
  3. Benign Enlargement
Hyperthyroid: 
Commonly due to over production of the above hormones T3 and T4 also known as GRAVES DISEASE.
Symptoms include: fatigue, irritability,nervous and trembling, weight loss despite a good appetite, diarrhoea, possible Tachycardia (increase in heart rate).
An uncommon sign is Thyroid Eye Diease- inflammed external eye muscles causing bulging eyes.
There also may be a noticeable enlargement of the thyroid also known as a goitre.
There are various types of treatments available these include: Prescribed medication- beta blockers, radioactive iodine treatment, surgical removal of the gland.

Hypothyoid:
Also known as Hashimoto's Disease. Commonly diagnosed as a result of treatment for Hyperthroidism.
Symptoms include: fatigue, weight gain, poor muscle tone, sensitivity to cold, thin and dry hair, flaky skin, pale and puffy face, and possible Bradycardia (decrease in heart rate).
Diagnosis is through a blood test for T3 and T4 and Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) treatment is usually through prescribed doses of Thyroxine which aids regulation. 

Benign Enlargement- GOITRE
There are many reasons of swelling of the thyroid gland with our altering the function these include:

  1. Iodine deficiency due to dietary changes.
  2. Mutli nodular goitre resulting from multiple cysts which are felt as painless firm lumps in the throat.
  3. Temporary physiological changes E.g. Pregnancy, puberty.
  4. Possible rare but important carcinoma (Thyroid cancer) which develops more so in the older age group. 
If you are worried or need some advice please talk to your G.P. or if you are having treatment with any of our therapists then please high light your concerns and we will be happy to point you in the right direction.


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1 comment:

  1. I was diagnosed with hypothyroidism when I was 5 years old. My symptoms included hair loss, fatigue and anxiety. 5 years ago, I tried desiccated thyroid hormone and I'm so blessed that it has lessened the symptoms.

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