Friday, 21 October 2011

Hydrocephalus what do you know?

Hydrocephalus is commonly known as "water in the brain" it is a build up of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). This fluid leaks in to certain parts of the brain.
This fluid retention cause an increase in intra cranial pressure and may give the appearance of an enlarged head in relation to the body,especially in babies.
Hydrocephalus can occur in people at various stages of their life.

In infancy the common sign and symptoms include drowsiness, irritability, eyes gazing down, projectile vomiting.
In older children and adults the symptoms may be different as their skull is unable to accommodate for the increase and expansion of the brain and build up of CSF fluid.
Signs and symptoms include- nausea, vomiting, papilledema (swelling of the optic disc) caused by pressure on the optic nerve. poor coordination, diplopia (double vision) loss of bladder control.

Diagnosis: Is concluded through a neurological assessment various scans MRI scan, CT scans.

Treatment: Can successfully treated through having a shunt (flexible silastic tube) placed in the brain near the spinal cord and then through the body to the peritoneal cavity (abdomen) or another cavity where the excess CSF fluid can be drained to but then absorbed into the circulatory system.

Complications of shunts include:

  1. shunt malfunction
  2. shunt infection
  3. obstructions
  4. over draining or under draining of the shunt causing various other complications
Constant medical follow ups and monitoring the shunt is of importance.

Osteopathic approach - Some patients may present with persistent headaches, shortness of breath, thoracic pain, fatigue, neck stiffness.
Benefits from osteopathy with this sort of condition is positive. If you require more information or would like to talk to somebody please get in touch.

View CSF fluid being removed below:

Thank you

Health & Harmony

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